A Basic Introduction to the World of Cricket

There’s American Football, World Football, MMA, various games in Olympics, and so on. And then on the other side, there’s Cricket. Like any other sport, Cricket has its rules and regulation to be followed to play the game. 

Cricket has gained popularity over time, and countries like the USA and China are preparing to embark on this adventurous journey and join other countries on an international level. Mostly, Pakistan, England, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and other South Asian countries play cricket. 

Types of Cricket Matches

According to ICC (International Cricket Council), there are three cricket formats:

  • Twenty-20 (T-20)
  • One-Day International (ODI)
  • Test Match

The general rules apply to all these formats except for two or three rules. The sport has almost 3 billion fans worldwide, and the numbers increase every day. 

Cricket Game Structure

International matches have eleven players on each side. Two teams play against each other. Each team has:

  • Captain- Takes all the decisions for the team when on the field.
  • Vice-Captain- Acts as a backup when the captain is injured or unfit to play. 


Every game has:

  • Two umpires on the field.
  • A TV umpire, used for disputes requiring video assistance.
  • A fourth umpire that works as a reserve. 


Using a coin, one of the captains chooses one side to win the toss. The umpire carries out the toss. The captain who wins the toss determines whether their team will bat or field first. 


  1. A match has a minimum of two innings. 
  2. One innings completes when the overs are finished, or all the players of one team are out.
  3. In test matches, each side has two innings to play. A captain can declare the innings is over if the match works in his team’s favor. 

Important Fielding Terms

  • Over- An over consists of six balls thrown. A test match can have more than 90 overs in a day. An ODI consists of 50 overs, and a T20 has 20 overs in each innings. 
  • Runs- Runs determine the score. There are singles (one run), two runs, three runs, four runs, and six runs, depending on how the player scores. Without an overthrow, a player can reach a max of six runs in one ball. 
  • Four- If the player hits the ball and touches the ground before touching the boundary rope, four runs are awarded. 
  • Six- If the ball passes the boundary rope without touching, six runs are awarded. 

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